Here are 3 fun activities for teaching kids about hue, tint, shade and tone and visual discrimination of colors and patterns
It is easier to teach toddlers to identify colors and shapes before letters and numbers as colors and shapes are all around them. Learning to identify colors and shapes helps the child learn to identify and describe things.
When a child develops the skill to sort items based on shapes and colors, it becomes easier to differentiate between letters and numbers. During sorting, what appears as a simple activity for us requires the child to keenly observe the item, compare, classify, sort and organize into piles.
After the child learns the names of common colors, build upon this knowledge and introduce her to the different shades of the same color. Make it descriptive like sky blue, ink blue or the color of that car is not as dark as ours. Learning about colors can thus help improve communication skills and vocabulary.
Hues vs Tints vs Shades vs Tones
Hues – Hue is nothing but pure color.
Tint – When a pure color is mixed with white, depending on the amount of white added, we get different tints of the color. Example: Pastel colors.
Shade – When a pure color is mixed with black, depending on the amount of black added, we get different shades of the color.
Tone – When a color is mixed with gray, depending on the amount of gray added, we get different tones of the same color.
Activity 1 – Hue, tint, shade and tone
Here is a simple craft activity to teach children the difference between hue, tint, shade and tone.
Place drops of paint in circles as shown below.
Mix using a paint brush. Wash the brush frequently or use earbuds. You will need more than one earbud.
You can see the different tints, shades and tones of the blue hue.
Activity 2 – Color matching
This is another simple color matching craft that will practically cost nothing.
Paint chips or craft paper in different colors
Pick a few color chips from the neighborhood paint shop. They usually cost nothing but I informed the store employee just in case. She gave me additional chips. Very sweet of her.
I cut thin strips and pasted them on the clothespin. To make this craft last longer, you can apply a film of modpodge and seal the paper completely.
This is an ideal quiet time activity for toddlers. The clothespin has to be pressed with their fingers and this improves fine motor skills and muscle strength in fingers.
Pack them in a ziploc bag and you have a colorful busy bag that you can have in your hand bag and whip it out when your toddler is bored.
I have always loved the colorful paint chips aisle and I make sure I walk through it at least once when I visit Walmart :) .
Beautiful ain’t it? :)
Activity 3 – Pattern matching
This activity is for teaching toddlers to visually discriminate different patterns.
Cut pieces of paper with 8 patterns.
To make all of them the same size
- Draw a circle on scrap paper and cut it out.
- Fold this circle 3 times.
- Use the shape as template to cut the different green sheets.
You can see this template in the picture above.
Next glue them to a circle cardboard or heavy stock paper.
Glue the patterned paper on clothespin also and have fun matching patterns.